We Nepalese

July 31, 2023


According to the Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. As of Sunday, July 30, 2023, Nepal’s population stands at 30,923,749, representing approximately 0.38% of the total global population. Among all countries and dependencies, Nepal holds the 49th position in terms of population size.

The population density in Nepal is estimated to be 216 individuals per square kilometer (558 people per square mile). The country covers a total land area of 143,350 square kilometers (55,348 square miles).

About 22.1% of Nepal’s population resides in urban areas, accounting for around 6,835,484 people in the year 2023. The median age in Nepal is reported to be 24.4 years, indicating that half of the population is older than this age, while the other half is younger.



As of May 28, 2023, Nepal’s population continues to grapple with poverty, as over 15% of its people are living below the poverty line. According to the Economic Survey 2022/23, specifically 15.1% of the population falls below the poverty line, with the majority of these individuals residing in rural areas of the country. This indicates that there is a significant need for targeted efforts to alleviate poverty and improve living conditions for those most affected in Nepal’s rural communities.


Nepali holds significant linguistic importance in Nepal, being spoken by 78% of the population as either their first or second language. It has official language status in the country. Besides Nepali, there are 121 other languages that are recognized as national languages in Nepal, showcasing the linguistic diversity within the nation.

Among these languages, Maithili stands as the second most spoken language, contributing to the rich linguistic tapestry of Nepal. The recognition and preservation of these diverse languages highlight the country’s commitment to its cultural heritage and linguistic pluralism.


According to the religious demographics of Nepal based on the 2011 census, 81.3% of the Nepalese population are Hindu, making it the largest religious group in the country whereas 9.0% of the population follows Buddhism, representing a significant minority religious community. 4.4% of Nepalese are Muslim, making Islam another significant religious group in Nepal. 3.0% of the population follows to Kiratist, an indigenous ethnic religion in Nepal. 1.4% of Nepalese are Christians, representing a small Christian community in the country. 0.1% each of the population identifies as Sikh and Jain, both being minor religious groups of Nepal. Additionally, 0.7% of the population follows other religions or professes no religious affiliation.

These religious demographics underscore the religious diversity and cultural pluralism present in Nepal. However, please note that the figures are from the 2011 census and might have changed since then due to natural population growth, migration, and other factors.

Nepal has a rich history that spans thousands of years, and its rulers have evolved through various dynasties and periods. Here is an overview of some of the significant rulers in Nepal from the ancient period:

Kirat Dynasty: The ancient history of Nepal is often associated with the Kirat dynasty, which is considered the first ruling dynasty in the region. According to traditional accounts, the Kirat rulers were said to have ruled Nepal from around 900 BCE to 300 CE. Yalamber is one of the legendary names associated with the early Kirat rulers.

Lichhavi Dynasty: The Lichhavi dynasty succeeded the Kirats and ruled Nepal from approximately the 4th to the 9th century CE. The Lichhavis were known for their contributions to art, culture, and trade. Under their rule, Nepal experienced significant growth in urbanization and Buddhism flourished. There are numerous art and artifacts made during Licchavi periods including Licchavi inscription all over the Kathmandu Valley. Indeed, the Lichhavi period is often regarded as one of the golden ages in Nepal’s history.

Malla Dynasty: The Malla dynasty emerged in the 12th century and continued until the unification of Nepal in the 18th century. The Malla period is known for its vibrant cultural and architectural achievements, with several principalities ruled by different Malla kings in the Kathmandu Valley and other regions. There are so many stone, copper, paper inscriptions carved on it. Through which many researches are made to know the history of Mallas.

Shah Dynasty: The Shah dynasty was established by King Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1768 when he unified various small kingdoms and principalities in the Kathmandu Valley and surrounding regions. This marked the foundation of modern Nepal. The Shah dynasty continues to this day, although the monarchy was abolished in 2008, and Nepal became a federal democratic republic.

It’s important to note that the historical accounts of early Nepalese rulers may contain a mix of historical facts, mythology, and legend due to limited written records from those times. As a result, some details might be subject to interpretation and historical debate.

Preservation of Ancient Art and Culture:

Heritage Sites: Nepal is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites that reflect its ancient art and culture. These include the Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, and the Boudhanath Stupa, among others. Efforts are made to preserve and protect these sites from the impacts of urbanization and natural disasters.

Traditional Crafts: Nepal is known for its intricate traditional crafts, such as woodcarving, metalwork, thangka painting, and pottery. Artisans and craftsmen continue to pass down these skills through generations, contributing to the preservation of ancient techniques.

Religious Practices: Nepal’s religious practices, both Hinduism and Buddhism, are deeply rooted in its ancient heritage. Temples, monasteries, and religious rituals are an integral part of Nepalese life, and these traditions are actively maintained.

Museums and Cultural Centers: Several museums and cultural centers in Nepal play a vital role in preserving and promoting its ancient art and artifacts. These institutions provide valuable insights into the country’s rich history and cultural heritage.

It’s worth noting that the preservation of Nepal’s ancient art and culture can face challenges due to rapid urbanization, modernization, and natural disasters. However, there are ongoing efforts from the government, non-governmental organizations, and local communities to safeguard and promote Nepal’s unique heritage for future generations.